LITTERATUR. 

Træningen og anden behandling.

A.
Altan L, Korkmaz N, Dizdar M et al. Effect of Pilates training on people with ankylosing spondylitis. Rheumatol Int. 2012 Jul; 32(7): 2093-9.
Altan L, Bingo Ül, Aslan M et al.The effect of balneotherapy on patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Scand J Rheumatol 2006; 35:283–289.
Aydemir K, Tok F, Peker F et al. The effects of balneotherapy on disease activity, functional status, pulmonary function and quality of life in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Acta reumatol port. 2010; 35: 441- 446.
Aydın T, Taşpınar Ö, Sarıyıldız MA. Evaluation of the effectiveness of home based or hospital based calisthenic exercises in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2016 Nov 21;29(4):723-730. PubMed PMID: 26966823.
Aydin E, Gündüz OH, Akcan E et al. Effectiveness of Low Level Laser Therapy on Pain and Functional Status in Ankylosing Spondylitis. Turk J Phys Med Rehab 2013;59:299-303.
Ayhan F, Gecene M, Gündüz R et al. Long-Term Effects of Comprehensive Inpatient Rehabilitation on Function and Disease Activity in Patients with Chronic Rheumatoid Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis. Turk J Rheumatol 2011; 26(2): 135-144.
Aytekin E, Caglar NS, Ozgonenel L et al. Home-based exercise therapy in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: effects on pain, mobility, disease activity, quality of life, and respiratory functions. Clin Rheumatol. 2012 Jan; 31(1): 91-7.
 
 
 
B.                                                                                                                                                                                                              
Calik BB, Elif Gur Kabul EG,  Taskın H et al. The efficiency of inspiratory muscle training in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Rheumatology international 2018; 38 (9): 1713‐1720.
Basakci CB, Gur E, Taskın H et al. The efficiency of inspiratory muscle training in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Rheumatol Int. 2018 Sep;38(9):1713-1720. 
Berg IJ, Semb AG, Sveaas SH et al. Associations Between Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Arterial Stiffness in Ankylosing Spondylitis: A Cross-sectional Study. J Rheumatol. 2018 Nov;45(11):1522-1525
Braun K, Brookman-Amissah S, Geissler K et al. Ganzkörperkryotherapie bei Patienten mit entzündlich- rheumatischen Erkrankungen. Eine prospektive Studie. Med Klin 2009; 3:104:192–6.
Bulstrode SJ, Barefoot J, Harrison et al. The role of passive stretching in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis. British Journal of Rheumatology 1987; 26: 40-42.
 
C.
Cagliyan A, Kotevoglu N, Onal T et al. Does group exercise program add anything more to patients with
ankylosing spondylitis? Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation 2007; 20: 79–85.
Chen FC, Jin ZL, Wang DF. A retrospective study of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for chronic pain following ankylosing spondylitis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jul;97(27):e11265. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000011265.
Ciprian L, Lo Nigro A, Rizzo M, Gava A, Ramonda R, Punzi L, Cozzi F.   The effects of combined SpA therapy and rehabilitation on patients with ankylosing spondylitis being treated with TNF inhibitors. Rheumatol Int. 2013 Jan;33(1):241-5. doi: 10.1007/s00296-011-2147-9.
Codish S, Dobrovinsky S, Shakra MA et al. SpA Therapy for Ankylosing Spondylitis at the Dead Sea. IMAJ 2005;7:443–446.
Coksevim NH, Durmus D, Kuru O. Effects of global postural reeducation exercise and anti-TNF treatments on disease activity, function, fatigue, mobility, sleep quality and depression in patients with active Ankylosing spondylitis: A prospective follow-up study. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2018;31(6):1005-1012. doi: 10.3233/BMR-170901.
 
D.
Demontis A, Trainito S, Felice AD et al. Favorable effect of rehabilitation on balance in ankylosing spondylitis: a quasi-randomized controlled clinical trial. Rheumatol Int. 2015 Dec 7. PubMed PMID: 26643793. DOI 10.1007/s00296-015-3399-6.
Dischereit G, Neumann N, Müller-Ladner U et al. The impact of serial low-dose radon hyperthermia exposure on pain, disease activity and pivotal cytokines of bone metabolism in ankylosing spondylitis - A prospective study. Aktuelle Rheumatologie 2014; 39(5): 304-309.
Drăgoi R-G, Amaricai E, Drăgoi M et al. Inspiratory muscle training improves aerobic capacity and pulmonary function in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: A randomized controlled study. Clin Rehabil. 2015 Mar 25. DOI: 10.1177/0269215515578292.
Drønen A. Gruppetrening ved Bekhterevs sykdom – en pilotstudie: Effekt av pilatestrening i vann og på land. FYSIOTERAPEUTEN  2012; 9/12: 22-27.
Durmus B, Sahin N, Baysal O et al. Isokinetic strength of the trunk flexors and extensors in ankylosing spondylitis. Isokinetics and Exercise Science 2013; 21(4): 293-299.
Durmus D, Alayli G, Uzun O et al. Effects of two exercise interventions on pulmonary functions in the patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Joint Bone Spine. 2009 Mar; 76(2): 150-5.
Durmus D, Alayli G, Cil E et al. Effects of a home-based exercise program on quality of life, fatigue, and depression in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Rheumatol Int. 2009 Apr; 29(6): 673-7.
Dundar U, Solak O, Toktas H et al. Effect of aquatic exercise on ankylosing spondylitis: a randomized
controlled trial. Rheumatol Int. 2014 Mar 14.
 
E.
Ehlebracht-König I, Bönisch A. Patientenschulung im frühen Krankheitsmanagement der  Spondylitis ankylosans und verwandter Spondyloarthritiden. Wien Med Wochenschr 2008, 158/7–8: 213–217.
 
F.
Fang H, Cai W, Pan Y et al. Six-month home-based exercise and supervised training in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 2016 Mar;9(3):6635-6641.
Fernández-de-Las-Peñas C, Alonso-Blanco C, Morales-Cabezas M et al.  Two exercise interventions for the management of patients with ankylosing spondylitis: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2005 Jun; 84(6): 407-19.
Ferreira M, Lopes AA, Silva F. Effect of an Aquatic Therapy Program on Pulmonary Function in Ankylosing Spondylitis.  The Journal of Aquatic Physical Therapy 2013; 21(1):  2-7.
 
G.
Gemignani G, Olivieri I, Ruju G et al. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in ankylosing spondylitis: a double-blind study. Arthritis Rheum 1991; ;34(6):788-89.
Gunay SM; Keser I; Bicer ZT. The effects of balance and postural stability exercises on spa based rehabilitation programme in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2017; Sep 8. doi: 10.3233/BMR-169755.
Gurcay E, Yuzer S, Eksioglu E et al. Stanger bath therapy for ankylosing spondylitis: illusion or reality? Clin Rheumatol 2008; 27:913–917.
Günendi Z, Sepici Dinçel A, Erdoðan Z, Aknar O, Yanpal S, Göðüº F, Atalay F. Clin Rheumatol. Does exercise affect the antioxidant system in patients with ankylosing spondylitis? 2010 Oct;29(10):1143-7.
 
H.
Helliwell PS, Abbott CA, Chamberlain MA. A Randomised Trial of Three Different Physiotherapy Regimes in Ankylosing Spondylitis. Physiotherapy 1996; 82(2): 85-90.
Hidding A, van der Linden S, de Witte L. Therapeutic effects of individual physical therapy in ankylosing spondylitis related to duration of disease. Clin Rheumatol. 1993 Sep;12(3):334-40.
Hidding A, van der Linden S, Gielen X, de Witte L, Dijkmans B, Moolenburgh D. Continuation of group physical therapy is necessary in ankylosing spondylitis: results of a randomized controlled trial. Arthritis Care Res. 1994 Jun;7(2):90-6.
Hsieh L, Chuang C, Wei JC et al. Combined Home Exercise Is More Effective Than Range-of-Motion Home
Exercise in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. BioMed Research International 2014, Article ID 398190, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/398190.
Hulejová H, Levitová A, Kuklová M, Stochl J, Haluzík M, Pavelka K, Vencovský J, Senolt L. No effect of physiotherapy on the serum levels of adipocytokines in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Clin Rheumatol. 2012 Jan;31(1):67-71. doi: 10.1007/s10067-011-1773-7.
 
I.
Ince G, Sarpel T, Durgun B, Erdogan S. Effects of a multimodal exercise program for people with ankylosing spondylitis. Phys Ther. 2006 Jul;86(7):924-35.
 
J.
Jennings F, Oliveira HA, Souza MC de et al. Effects of Aerobic Training in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis. J Rheumatol. 2015 Dec;42(12):2347-53.
Jorge LL, Imamura M, Sugawara AT et al. Efetividade da acupuntura para alívio da dor e ganho funcional em espondilite anquilosante: ensaio clínico controlado e randomizado (Efficacy of Akupunture in pain relief and function improvement in Ankylosing Spondylitis: a randomized controlled trial). ACTA FISIATR 2008; 15(4): 236 – 240 (sprog: portugisisk).
 
K. 
Karahan AY, Tok F, Yildirim P et al. The Effectiveness of Exergames in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Adv Clin Exp Med. 2016 Sep-Oct;25(5):931-936. doi: 10.17219/acem/32590. PubMed PMID: 28028958. 
Karamanlioğlu DS, Aktas I, Ozkan FU et al. Effectiveness of ultrasound treatment applied with exercise therapy on patients with ankylosing spondylitis: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Rheumatol Int. 2016; 36(5):653-661. doi: 10.1007/s00296-016-3441-3. PubMed PMID: 26923690.
Karapolat H, Akkoc Y, Sari I, Eyigor S, Akar S, Kirazli Y, Akkoc N. Comparison of group-based exercise versus home-based exercise in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: effects on Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Indices, quality of life and depression. Clin Rheumatol. 2008 Jun;27(6):695-700.
Karapolat H, Eyigor S, Zoghi M, Akkoc Y, Kirazli Y, Keser G.   Are swimming or aerobic exercise better than conventional exercise in ankylosing spondylitis patients? A randomized controlled study. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2009 Dec;45(4):449-57.
Karatay S, Yildirim K, Melikoglu MA, Akcay F, Senel K. Effects of dynamic exercise on circulating IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels in patients with rheumatoid arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis. Clin Rheumatol. 2007
Oct;26(10):1635-9.
Kaya T, Karatepe AG, Ozturk PA. Impact of peer-led group education on the quality of life in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases 2013: 1-8.
Kjeken I, Bø I, Rønningen A, SpAda C, Mowinckel P, Hagen KB, Dagfinrud H. A three-week multidisciplinary in-patient rehabilitation programme had positive long-term effects in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: randomized controlled trial. J Rehabil Med. 2013 Mar 6;45(3):260-7. doi: 10.2340/16501977-1078.
Kraag G, Stokes B, Groh J, Helewa A, Goldsmith C. The effects of comprehensive home physiotherapy and supervision on patients with ankylosing spondylitis--a randomized controlled trial. J Rheumatol. 1990 Feb;17(2):228-33.
 
L.
Lange U, Müller-Ladner U, Dischereit G. Effectiveness of Whole-Body Hyperthermia by Mild Water-Filtered Infrared A  Radiation in Ankylosing Spondylitis – A Controlled, Randomised, Prospective Study. Akt Rheumatol 2017; 42: 122–128. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0042-116945.
Lim HJ, Moon YI, Lee MS. Effects of home-based daily exercise therapy on joint mobility, daily activity, pain, and depression in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Rheumatol Int. 2005 Apr;25(3):225-9.
Lubrano E, D'Angelo S, Parsons WJ, Serino F, Tanzillo AT, Olivieri I, Pappone N.  Effects of a combination treatment of an intensive rehabilitation program and etanercept in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: a pilot study. J Rheumatol. 2006 Oct;33(10):2029-34.
 
M.
Masiero S, Bonaldo L, Pigatto M, Lo Nigro A, Ramonda R, Punzi L. Rehabilitation treatment in patients with ankylosing spondylitis stabilized with tumor necrosis factor inhibitor therapy: a randomized controlled trial. J Rheumatol. 2011 Jul;38(7):1335-42. doi: 10.3899/jrheum.100987.
Masiero S, Poli P, Bonaldo L, Pigatto M, Ramonda R, Lubrano E, Punzi L, Maffulli N.   Supervised training and home-based rehabilitation in patients with stabilized ankylosing spondylitis on TNF inhibitor treatment: a controlled clinical trial with a 12-month follow-up. Clin Rehabil. 2013 Nov 27. [Epub ahead of print].
Moder A, Hufnagl C, Lind-Albrecht G et al. Effect of combined Low-Dose Radon- and Hyperthermia Treatment (LDRnHT) of patients with ankylosing spondylitis on serum levels of cytokines and bone metabolism markers: a pilot study. Int. J. Low Radiation 2010; 7(6): 423 – 35.  
Mohanty P. Effectiveness of Soft Tissue Mobilisation as an adjunct to the Conventional Therapy in patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis. J Nov Physiother Rehabil. 2018; 2: 001-014. https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.jnpr.1001016.
 
N.
Némethné ZN et al. Improvement in pain intensity, spine stiffness, and mobility during a controlled
individualized physiotherapy program in ankylosing spondylitis. Rheumatol Int 2012; 32: 3931–3936. Niedermann K., Sidelnikov E., Muggli C., Dagfinrud H., Hermann M., Tamborrini G., Ciurea A., Bischoff-Ferrari H. Effect of cardiovascular training on fitness and perceived disease activity in people with ankylosing spondylitis. Arthritis Care and Research. 65 (11) (pp 1844-1852), 2013.
 
O. 
O’Dwyer T, Monaghan A, Moran J et al. Behaviour change intervention increases physical activity, spinal mobility and quality of life in adults with ankylosing spondylitis: a randomised trial. Journal of Physiotherapy 2017; 63:30-39.
Ortancil O, Sarikaya S, Sapmaz P, Basaran A, Ozdolap S. The effect(s) of a six-week home-based exercise program on the respiratory muscle and functional status in ankylosing spondylitis. J Clin Rheumatol. 2009 Mar;15(2):68-70. doi: 10.1097/RHU.0b013e31819b5ed0.
Oosterveld FGJ, Rasker JJ, Floors M et al. Infrared sauna in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. A pilot study showing good tolerance, short-term improvement of pain and stiffness, and a trend towards long-term beneficial effects. Clin Rheumatol 2009; 28:29–34.
 
 
P, Q, R.
Rasmussen JO, Hansen TM. Physical training for patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Arthritis Care Res. 1989 Mar;2(1):25-7.
Rodríguez-Lozano C, Juanola X, Cruz-Martínez J, Peña-Arrébola A, Mulero J, Gratacós J, Collantes E; Outcome of an education and home-based exercise programme for patients with ankylosing spondylitis: a nationwide randomized study. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2013 Sep-Oct;31(5):739-48. 
Romanowsk MW, Spiritovic M, Rutkowski R et al. Comparison of Deep Tissue Massage and Therapeutic Massage for Lower Back Pain, Disease Activity, and Functional Capacity of Ankylosing Spondylitis Patients: A Randomized Clinical Pilot Study. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2017, Article ID 9894128, 7 pages, doi.org/10.1155/2017/9894128.
Rosu M.O., Topa I., Chirieac R., Ancuta C. Effects of Pilates, McKenzie and Heckscher training on disease activity, spinal motility and pulmonary function in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: A randomized controlled trial. Rheumatology International. 34 (3) (pp 367-372), 2014.
 
S.
Sandness B. Positiv patienter når goda resultat i Bechterewskola. Sjukgymnasten 9:26-28, 1982
Solchaga MR, Castellanos CO, Soro JMG. Influencia de la terapia física mediante ejercicios en la evolución a largo plazo de la espondilitis anquilosante (Influence of physical therapy exercises on the evolution of ankylosing spondylitis). Rehabilitación (Madr) 1998;32:316-323 (sprog: SpAnsk). 
Souza MC, Jennings F, Morimoto H et al. Swiss ball exercises improves muscle strength and walking performance in ankylosing spondylitis: a randomized controlled trial. Rev Bras Reumatol. 2016 Sep 17. pii: S0482-5004(16)30075-4. doi: 10.1016/j.rbr.2016.04.008. PubMed PMID: 27743720.
Silva EM, Andrade SC, Vilar MJ. Evaluation of the effects of Global Postural Reeducation in patients with
ankylosing spondylitis. Rheumatol Int. 2012 Jul;32(7):2155-63. doi: 10.1007/s00296-011-1938-3.
So MW, Heo HM, Koo BS, Kim YG, Lee CK, Yoo B. Efficacy of incentive spirometer exercise on pulmonary functions of patients with ankylosing spondylitis stabilized by tumor necrosis factor inhibitor therapy. J Rheumatol. 2012 Sep;39(9):1854-8. doi: 10.3899/jrheum.120137.
Staalesen YA, Nordvåg BY, Stanghelle JK et al. Efficacy of rehabilitation for patients with ankylosing spondylitis: comparison of a four-week rehabilitation programme in a Mediterranean and a Norwegian setting. J Rehabil Med. 2011 May;43(6):534-42. doi: 10.2340/16501977-0804.
Stanek A, Cholewka A, Gadula J et al. Can Whole-Body Cryotherapy with Subsequent Kinesiotherapy Procedures in Closed Type Cryogenic Chamber Improve BASDAI, BASFI, and Some Spine Mobility Parameters and Decrease Pain Intensity in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis? BioMed Research International 2015, Article ID 404259, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/404259
Stanek A, Cholewka A, Wielkoszyński T et al. Whole-Body Cryotherapy Decreases the Levels of Inflammatory, Oxidative Stress, and Atherosclerosis Plaque Markers in Male Patients with Active-Phase Ankylosing Spondylitis in the Absence of Classical Cardiovascular Risk Factors. Mediators Inflamm. 2018 Feb 1;2018:8592532. doi: 10.1155/2018/8592532.
Stasinopoulos D, Papadopoulos K, Lamnisos D et al. LLLT for the management of patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Lasers Med Sci. 2016 Apr;31(3):459-69. doi: 10.1007/s10103-016-1874-2. PubMed PMID: 26796709. 
Sun YY, Cui HJ, Dong JN et al. Randomized, Controlled Trial: Efficacy of Ultrasound and Exercise in Patients With Ankylosing Spondylitis. Altern Ther Health Med. 2018 Feb 24. pii: AT5705. PMID: 29477133.
Sveaas SH, Berg IJ, Provan SA et al. Efficacy of high intensity exercise on disease activity and cardiovascular risk in active axial spondyloarthritis: a randomized controlled pilot study. PLoS One 9(9), 2014 Sep: e108688. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0108688.
Sveaas SH, Berg IJ, Fongen C et al. High-intensity cardiorespiratory and strength exercises reduced emotional distress and fatigue in patients with axial spondyloarthritis: a randomized controlled pilot study. Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology 2017, DOI: 10.1080/03009742.2017.1347276.
Sweeney S, Taylor G, Calin A. The effect of a home based exercise intervention package on outcome in ankylosing spondylitis: a randomized controlled trial. J Rheumatol. 2002 Apr;29(4):763-6.
 
T.
Taspinar O, Aydin T, Celebi A et al. Psychological effects of calisthenic exercises on neuroinflammatory and rheumatic diseases. Z Rheumatol. 2015 Oct;74(8):722-7.
Tubergen A, Landewé R, van der Heijde D, Hidding A, Wolter N, Asscher M, Falkenbach A, Genth E, Thè HG, van der Linden S. Combined SpA-exercise therapy is effective in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: a randomized controlled trial. Arthritis Rheum. 2001 Oct;45(5):430-8.
Turan Y, Bayraktar K, Kahvecioglu F et al. Is magnetotherapy applied to bilateral hips effective in Ankylosing spondylitis patients? A randomized, double-blind, controlled study. Rheumatol Int (2014) 34:357–365
 
U, V, W.
Widberg K, Karimi H, Hafstrom I. Self- and manual mobilization improves spine mobility in men with ankylosing spondylitis – a randomized study. Clinical Rehabilitation 2009; 23: 599–608.
 
X.  
Xie Y, Guo F, Lu Y et al. A 12-week Baduanjin Qigong exercise improves symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis: A randomized controlled trial. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice 2108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2018.12.007.
 
 
Y.
Yigit S, Sahin Z, Demir SE, Aytac DH.   Home-based exercise therapy in ankylosing spondylitis: short-term prospective study in patients receiving tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibitors. Rheumatol Int. 2013 Jan;33(1):71-7. doi: 10.1007/s00296-011-2344-6.
Yurtkuran M, Ay A, Karakoç Y et al. Improvement of the clinical outcome in Ankylosing Spondylitis by balneotherapy. Joint Bone Spine 72 (2005) 303–308.